‘Name Is An Intrinsic Element Of Identity’: Supreme Court Issues Guidelines For Recording Corrections & Changes In CBSE Certificates

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‘Name Is An Intrinsic Element Of Identity’: Supreme Court Issues Guidelines For Recording Corrections & Changes In CBSE Certificates

Case: Jigya Yadav vs. C.B.S.E

Coram: Justices AM Khanwilkar, BR Gavai and Krishna Murari i

Case No: CIVIL APPEAL NO. 3905 OF 2011

Court Observation: “The first is on the basis of public documents like Birth Certificate, Aadhaar Card/Election Card, etc. and to incorporate change in the CBSE certificate consistent therewith. The second possibility is when the request for change is due to the acquired name by choice at a later point of time. That change need not be backed by public documents pertaining to the candidate.”

“Reverting to the first category, as noted earlier, there is a legal presumption in relation to the public documents as envisaged in the 1872 Act. Such public documents, therefore, cannot be ignored by the CBSE. Taking note of those documents, the CBSE may entertain the request for recording change in the certificate issued by it. This, however, need not be unconditional but subject to certain reasonable conditions to be fulfilled by the applicant as may be prescribed by the CBSE, such as, furnishing sworn affidavit containing declaration and indemnify the CBSE and upon payment of prescribed fees in lieu of administrative expenses.”

“The CBSE may also insist on issuing Public Notice and publication in the Official Gazette before recording the change in the fresh certificate to be issued by it upon surrender/return of the original certificate (or duplicate original certificate, as the case may be) by the applicant. The fresh certificate may contain a disclaimer and caption/annotation against the original entry (except in respect of change of name effected in the exercise of the right to be forgotten) indicating the date on which change has been recorded and the basis thereof. In other words, the fresh certificate may retain original particulars while recording the change along with caption/annotation referred to above (except in respect of change of name effected in the exercise of the right to be forgotten).”

“However, in the latter situation where the change is to be effected on the basis of new acquired name without any supporting school record or public document, that request may be entertained upon insisting for prior permission/declaration by a Court of law in 130 that regard and publication in the Official Gazette including surrender/return of original certificate (or duplicate original certificate, as the case may be) issued by CBSE and upon payment of prescribed fees. The fresh certificate as in other situations referred to above, retain the original entry (except in respect of change of name effected in exercise of right to be forgotten) and to insert caption/annotation indicating the date on which it has been recorded and other details including disclaimer of CBSE. This is so because the CBSE is not required to adjudicate nor has the mechanism to verify the correctness of the claim of the applicant.”

“What’s in a name? that which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet”, said Juliet. This quote from William Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet” is unarguably one of the most iconic dialogues in classical literature. It conveys that the natural characteristics of an individual are more important than his/her artificial/acquired characteristics. A poetic statement as it certainly is, it does not go in tune with the significance of a name in marking the identity of an individual in his/her societal transactions. To put it differently, name is an intrinsic element of identity.”

“Reverting to the CBSE Examination Byelaws, the same are couched in the form of a code. They provide for all essential aspects relating to formal education of a student including admission, examination, migration, transfer, curriculum, fee for various services, issuance of verified certificates, modifications in certificates etc. This Byelaws, therefore, bind the parties and are duly enforceable in a court of law, even by way of writ remedies as we have seen in the present batch of petitions.”

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Keywords

CBSE Certificates, Name in CBSE Certificates, Corrections & Changes In CBSE Certificates


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