Internet of Things: A Summary

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Written by: Ms Ridisha Joshi

In the digital world, we can make everything talk to each other. We can make our phones talk to each other, we can make Facebook talk to each other and in the physical world, not so much. This is where our lives and technological development kind of stopped. But now, we are able to build a network so, multiple of physical objects your chair, your table, your lounge they all are connected to the Internet.

The Internet allows you to send, so you can create and transmit-receive so that you can receive, interpret and exchange data, you can have conversations with things around you. So, IoT will allow multiple physical objects, like the things to be connected to the Internet., we are entering a very exciting time where we will have chairs, couches pretty much everything that’s in your home connected to the Internet or at least have conversations with things around you.

Now, still very ominous right? even though we have a definition that I may or may not have gotten off urban dictionary But, let’s break it into four sections. The hardware is what actually allows us to connect digital items to physical objects. So I can put this on a door and it will tell me when the door opens. So we have hardware that senses things.

Data actually starts to make sense of what all this is. It’s things we push around all the time every day we don’t really think about. But for example, A piece of hardware creates ECG data. It tells me how fast my heart is beating. Essentially this has also changed over the last 10 years. We used to push data around in heavy, kinda standardized format. We can say more with less. And data is becoming the universal language. Not English, not Chinese, But the universal language of things. And software What we do once we have that communication once we have that piece of information?

The software is what interprets it, it’s what controls, analyzes and allow it to do stuff. It’s the things that actually take pieces of data from these pieces of hardware and makes it do stuff that is valuable to you. The last step without all of this stuff, if it wasn’t connected, it wouldn’t mean anything and connectivity of the last 10 years we’ve seen go from cellular phones that were the size of bricks, through to Wi-Fi to ethernet, to 2G GSM 4G. All these different acronyms that are awesome But essentially it has gotten cheaper & faster.

We don’t have to worry about maintaining it and you don’t have to be an expert to use it. Now you may or may not know that this already exists in your home and if it doesn’t, you should already have it. These systems allow us to walk up to our front door and not use a key. But purely to actually measure “Is Jordan there? Has he walked up in a particular way Is it him? and unlock the door for me.

I can turn my TV on to channel in the Simpsons just as I get home and I like to in the afternoon I can actually measure how many people are in my room. What’s the humidity what’s the temperature outside and automatically set my air conditioning. I can talk to a unit and turn my Philips hue lights at the right time to the right colour for my mood and if I leave them on when I leave it will take care of them for me So what does this all mean? Why this big problem, right? Why does it present so many different opportunities? The thing is that now we’ve gotten to a point where this is such an available and realistic opportunity that it’s going to explode.

And it’s only gonna happen in 10 years. Who loves their job at the moment? Ah, a few of you are like, no. Who thinks I’ll be in the same job for the next five years? Oh, you are all wrong! Who thinks I’ll be in the same job for ten years? Even worse. We are entering in a stage where everything will be connected. And the impact of IoT will be $11 trillion a year by 2025 across factories, cities, human identification and interaction health care, work sites, and general safety offices and vehicles.

And why now? Because of the ultra low cost of hardware, the high availability of resources, the low level of difficulty to compile them and put them together and highly digital and the connected universe that is driving us toward not just connecting our digital space in our digital lives, but our physical space and the things we actually deal with every day. This is a vertical farm The only human interaction needed is placing the seeds into the soil. Watering, trimming, harvesting is all taking care of by IoT systems.

Barcelona Smart City over the last ten years has made one of the most IoT integrated smart city in the world By placing sensors that tell people where parking spots are They’ve increased revenues for parking over $50 million dollars per year. They’ve decreased their energy cost by $37 Million a year purely by having IoT in lights to tell them when they actually need to turn on and when people are there to use them. Their Smart Gardens saved them $58 Million a year in water usage just by watering in the right places at the right time.

Now think about your home. All those things I mentioned in your house I already do in mine. It’s not a futuristic object or an idea, it’s a reality. So as we welcome the whole universe to the next era of connectivity I ask once all our tasks are automated when the things we currently do every day the jobs the half of you love and half of you hate are actually replaced by IoT devices artificial intelligence, interconnected systems What do we do? We come back to creativity, innovation, and humanity. We cannot replace our need to create new things to improve them and to build interpersonal relationships. We invent, we build, we optimise, we operate & we innovate.


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