Secured Creditor Can’t Challenge Resolution Plan Insisting That Higher Amount Should Be Paid Based On Security Interest: Supreme Court

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Secured Creditor Can’t Challenge Resolution Plan Insisting That Higher Amount Should Be Paid Based On Security Interest

Case: India Resurgence ARC Pvt Ltd VS Amit Metaliks Ltd& Anr.

Coram: Justices Vineet Saran and Dinesh Maheshwari

Case No: Civil Appeal No. 1700 Of 2021

Court Observation: “It has not been the intent of the legislature that a security interest available to a dissenting financial creditor over the assets of the corporate debtor gives him some right over and above other financial creditors so as to enforce the entire of the security interest and thereby bring about an inequitable scenario, by receiving the excess amount, beyond the receivable liquidation value proposed for the same class of creditors” “..what amount is to be paid to different classes or sub-classes of creditors in accordance with provisions of the Code and the related Regulations, is essentially the commercial wisdom of the Committee of Creditors; and a dissenting secured creditor like the appellant cannot suggest a higher amount to be paid to it with reference to the value of the security interest”

“What we find is that the proposal for payment to all the secured financial creditors (all of them ought to be carrying security interest with them) is equitable and the proposal for payment to the appellant is at par with the percentage of payment proposed for other secured financial creditors. No case of denial of fair and equitable treatment or disregard of priority is made out”.

“Once it is found that all the mandatory requirements have been duly complied with and taken care of, the process of judicial review cannot be stretched to carry out quantitative analysis qua a particular creditor or any stakeholder, who may carry his own dissatisfaction. In other words, in the scheme of IBC, every dissatisfaction does not partake the character of a legal grievance and cannot be taken up as a ground of appeal”

“…if the propositions suggested on behalf of the appellant were to be accepted, the result would be that rather than insolvency resolution and maximization of the value of assets of the corporate debtor, the processes would lead to more liquidations, with every secured financial creditor opting to stand on dissent. Such a result would be defeating the very purpose envisaged by the Code; cannot be countenanced”

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