Legal Aspects of wildlife Conservation in India – A critical appraisal

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Legal Aspects of wildlife Conservation in India

Written By: Kanishka Sharma

Many people are beneath the impression that India doesn’t have sturdy life conservation laws. On the contrary, we have a number of the foremost tight legislations to safeguard life and habitats. It’s imperative that each one conservationist inform themselves with these laws, so they will contribute effectively. It’s additionally very important to know that establishment’s management land in India before any conservation interventions are often tried in any landscape. The status of the land should initially be discovered so one will have interaction with the proper authorities or agencies.

The Indian Government has enforced numerous laws and legislations within the response to the growing destruction of life and forests and that they are:

The life protection Act 1972

The life (Protection) Act (WLPA), 1972 is a vital statute that has a strong legal framework for Prohibition of searching, Protection, and management of life habitats, the institution of protected areas, Regulation and management of trade elements and products derived from life and Management of zoos.

The WLPA provides for many classes of Protected Areas/Reserves: National Parks, life Sanctuaries, Tiger Reserves, Conservation Reserves, and Community Reserves.

National parks and Tiger Reserves are by law a lot strictly protected, permitting nearly no human action except that that is within the interest of life conservation. Grazing and personal tenurial rights are disallowed in National Parks however are often allowed in sanctuaries at the discretion of the Chief life law officer. The amended WLPA doesn’t leave any industrial exploitation of forest manufacture in each national park and life sanctuaries, and native communities will collect forest manufacture just for their authentic desires.

The Indian Forest Act (1927) and Forest Acts of State Governments

The main objective of the Indian Forest Act (1927) was to secure exclusive state management over forests to fulfill the demand for timber. Most of those untitled lands had historically belonged to the forest habitation communities. The Act outlined state possession, regulated its use, and condemned the facility to substitute or extinguish customary rights. The Act facilitates 3 classes of forests, namely: Reserved forests, Village forests, and guarded forests

Reserved forests are the foremost protected at intervals in these classes. No rights are often no inheritable in reserved forests except by succession or beneath a grant or contract with the govt. Felling trees, grazing Boss Taurus, removing forest product, quarrying, fishing, and searching are punishable with a fine or imprisonment. Though the Indian Forest Act may be a federal act, many countries have enacted similar forest acts however with some modifications.

The Forest Conservation Act (1980)

In order to visualize speedy deforestation because of forestlands being discharged by state governments for agriculture, business and alternative development come (allowed beneath the Indian Forest Act) the centralized enacted the Forest Conservation Act in 1980 with a change in 1988. The Act created the previous approval of the centralized necessary for de-reservation of reserved forests, work, and to be used of forestland for non-forest functions.

The setting (Protection) Act (1986)

The setting Protection Act is vital legislation that has for coordination of activities of the assorted regulative agencies, creation of authorities with adequate powers for environmental protection, regulation of the discharge of environmental pollutants, handling of venturous substances, etc. The Act provided a chance to increase legal protection to non-forest habitats (‘Ecologically Sensitive Areas’) like grasslands, wetlands, and coastal zones.

The Biological Diversity Act (2002)

India may be a party to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. The provisions of the Biological Diversity Act are added to and not in derogation of the provisions in the other law about forests or life.

National life Action arranges (2002-2016)

It replaces the sooner arrange adopted in 1983 and was introduced in response to the necessity for a modification in priorities given the accrued industrial use of natural resources, the continued growth of human and farm animal populations, and changes in consumption patterns.

The National Forest Policy, 1988

(NFP) is primarily involved with the property use and conservation of forests, and more strengthens the Forest Conservation Act (1980). It marked a big departure from earlier forest policies that gave importance to meeting government interests and industrial needs for forest products at the expense of native subsistence needs. The NFP prioritizes the upkeep of ecological balance through the conservation of biological diversity, soil and water management, an increase of tree cowl, economical use of forest manufacture, the substitution of wood, and guaranteeing peoples’ involvement in achieving these objectives.

 It additionally includes meeting the resource needs of rural communities as a serious objective. The NFP legitimizes the customary rights and concessions of communities living in and around forests, stating that the domestic needs of the agricultural poor ought to take precedence over industrial and industrial demands for forest products.


From all the given data it’s seen that India contains the strongest set of rules, laws, acts, and policies for the protection of life and forests. It’s substantially necessary for the voters of India to grasp them and defend life conservation.

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Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife, Conservation, Wildlife Conservation in India