Written By: Aayushi Singh
Genocide: The murder of all the people of a particular race, religion, etc. Genocide is the intentional action to destroy a people usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group in whole or in part.
The term genocide has been derived from the Greek term ‘genos’ (race) and the latin word ‘cide’ (killing). Thus, genocide is an activity which is committed in order to exterminate fully or partially, a national, ethical, racial or religious group as such. The term was devised by Prof. Raphael Lemkin who first used in his work Axis Rule in Occupied Europe (1944). The wholesale killing was done by Germany under the national Socialist regime during the Second World War.
Genocide as an act committed with intent to destroy or kill, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, including the killing of its members, causing serious bodily or mental health harm to members of the group deliberately bring about its physical destructions in whole or in parts.
At the time of world war 1st mass killing were happened. At the time of 2nd world war in this there were also mass killing happened in this time Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany.
Most Brutal Genocide in the World
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party. 2nd world war happened in 1939 to 1945 when Nazi German, under Adolf Hitler, invaded Poland. Hitler was the leader of Germany. At the time of 2nd world war Genocide (killing of people of a particular race, religion) happened in the large scale. In 2nd world war Hitler killed a larger number European Jews and its called The Holocaust, also called as the Shoah, was the genocide of European Jews people during World War 2nd between 1941 and 1945, Nazi Germany and his alliances murdered more than millions of Jews across German- occupied Europe, around half of the Europe Jews population mass killing happened that time.
Hitler wants to destroy the Jews from the culture, after passing of the Enabling Act on 24 march which gave Hitler plenary power, the Nazi government start isolating Jews from all the civil society; this also including boycotting Jewish businesses in April. But Hitler wants to destroy them all from the world by genocide the Nazis murdered as an administrative device. They used terror and mass reprisals to maintain their control, prevent sabotage, and safeguard their soldiers. For the partisans or underground to kill a German soldier could mean that the Nazis would round up and execute all the men in a nearby village, burn the village to the ground, and send all the women and children off to concentration camps.
In retaliation for sabotage, they would shoot dozens and even hundreds of hostages. In some occupied areas in which the Nazis had to contend with well-organized and active guerrilla units, they applied a simple rule: they would massacre one hundred nearby civilians for every German soldier killed; fifty for every one wounded. Often this was a minimum that might be doubled or tripled.
They thus killed vast numbers of innocent peasants and townsfolk. But many other regimes have also killed opponents and critics or used reprisals to maintain power. What distinguished the Nazis above virtually all others were their staggering genocide: people were machine-gunned in batches, shot in the head at the edge of trenches, burned alive while crowded into churches, gassed in vans or fake shower rooms, starved or frozen to death, worked to death in camps, or beaten or tortured to death simply because of their race, religion, handicap, or sexual preference. Genocide, understood by most to be the gravest crime against humanity.
Genocide in happened in the World
- Rohingya Muslims: The most recent example of what leaders across the world are terming as ‘Genocide’ is the mass killing of the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. The systematic persecution of minority Muslims is on the rise across Burma. The United Nations says at least 123,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar into neighboring Bangladesh in the past 11 days.
- Mao’s Great Leap Forward: Mao Zedong, the founder of the People’s Republic of China, qualifies as the greatest mass murderer in world history. Under his rule in the five-year plan called the “Great Leap Forward” caused 30 million farmers and peasants to starve to their deaths.
- Bangladesh genocide: Bangladesh had a major genocide in 1971. In less than one year, the government and multiple groups within the country murdered and raped up to million people. It was a systemic attempt to suppress the growing chorus on self-determination rights.
Genocide leads to volition of Human Rights. Human beings are rational beings. They by virtue of their beings human possess certain basic and inalienable rights which are commonly known as human rights.
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide by United Nation
It was adopted on 9th December 1948 by the General Assembly. It came into force on 12th January 1951. India ratified this convention on 27th August 1959.
Most Brutal Genocide, Most Brutal Genocide in India, Most Brutal Genocide in the world